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Report | Urban Matters | Education

The Calculus of Race and Class: A New Look at the Achievement Gap in New York City Schools

By Nicole Mader and Ana Carla Sant’anna Costa

Decades of national research have documented the “achievement gap” among students of different racial and ethnic groups as measured by their scores on standardized tests, with White and Asian students generally outperforming their Black and Hispanic peers. Now, a new tool developed by the Integration Project at the Center for New York City Affairs allows parents, educators, and policymakers to see just how large that gap is among students at each of the city’s approximately 900 public elementary schools, both district and charter. It also shows how strongly and how frequently this gap is moderated by the household incomes of students, even within the same schools.


Brief | Education, Integration

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No Heavy Lifting Required: New York City's Unambitious School 'Diversity' Plan

By Nicole Mader and Ana Carla Sant'anna Costa
Earlier this month, the New York City Department of Education (DOE)  released a long-awaited plan designed to increase diversity in the city's public schools. The Center for New York City Affairs has crunched the numbers on these goals and found that they would not reflect meaningful, systemic change. 


Report | Education, Integration

Segregated Schools in Integrated Neighborhoods: The City's Schools Are Even More Divided Than Our Housing (2016)

By Clara Hemphill and Nicole Mader
In multi-ethnic New York City, why are so many elementary schools segregated by race and class? New research demonstrates that school segregation is not always the result of housing patterns.


Article | Education, Integration

 Rami Niemi

Rami Niemi

Let Rich and Poor Learn Together (2015)

By Clara Hemphill and Halley Potter (New York Times)

THE mayor of New York City, Bill de Blasio, campaigned on a promise to provide free universal pre-K classes to more than 70,000 4-year-olds. The city is now poised to meet this ambitious goal.


Urban Matters | Education, Integration 

How Not to Turn Schools into Gentrification Battlefields (2015)

By Clara Hemphill

Everyone knows gentrification causes friction. And as recent clashes over proposed changes to attendance zones in Manhattan and Brooklyn demonstrate, the public schools are where gentrification battle lines sometimes get drawn.

But there’s another side to the story. Gentrification also occasionally leads to better schools for everyone in the neighborhood, rich and poor. The city should follow the example of these success stories as it crafts solutions for other schools in changing neighborhoods.

Event | Education, Integration 

Why New York? Our Segregated Schools Epidemic (2015)

From the Brooklyn Historical Society

WNYC Education Reporter Beth Fertig moderates a discussion on New York State's segregated schools epidemic. Panelists include Norm Fruchter of the Annenberg Institute for School Reform, journalist Nikole Hannah-Jones of The New York Times Magazine, Clara Hemphill, founder of, and Craig Gurian, Executive Director of the Anti-Discrimination Center.