Five Steps to Integrate New York City Elementary School (2016)

By  Clara Hemphill, Lydie Raschka and Nicole Mader

The City can do much more to foster economic integration of elementary schools than the small scale efforts it has made to date. Based on our visits to 150 schools across the city over the past two years, here are five feasible steps we believe the City can take.

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Integrated Schools in a Segregated City: Ten strategies that have made New York City elementary schools more diverse (2016)

By Clara Hemphill, Nicole Mader and InsideSchools staff
The staff of InsideSchools visited 80 elementary schools to find out how some formerly high-poverty schools have succeeded in attracting children from a range of races, ethnicities and income levels.


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Bringing It All Home: Problems and Possibilities Facing NYC's Family Child Care (2016)

By Kendra Hurley with Janie Ziye Shen 
In 2012, NYC launched one of the country's largest experiments in raising the quality of subsidized family child care. More than three years since the launch of EarlyLearnNYC, we investigated what has worked and what has not.
 
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Segregated Schools in Integrated Neighborhoods: The City's Schools Are Even More Divided Than Our Housing (2016)

By Clara Hemphill and Nicole Mader
In multi-ethnic New York City, why are so many elementary schools segregated by race and class? New research demonstrates that school segregation is not always the result of housing patterns.

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Is Reform Finally Coming to New York City Family Court? (2016)

By Abigail Kramer
While delay and dysfunction plague Family Court child protective cases, a combination of factors has opened a window for reform.  

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Understanding FAFSA: A How-To Guide for High School Students (And the Adults Who Help Them) (2016)

By Kim Nauer and Sandra Salmans
This guide is designed to help students and families navigate the U.S. Department of Education’s Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) in their quest to get financial aid for college.

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Rough Calculations: Will the Common Core Algebra Regents Exam Threaten NYC's Graduation Rates? (2015) 

By Kim Nauer, Nicole Mader and Laura Zingmond
Nearly half of New York City students fail the Algebra 1 Regents exam on the first try. Thousands retake the exam multiple times, caught up in what teachers call the “Algebra whirlpool.” 

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What's Wrong with Math and Science in NYC High Schools? (2015)

By Clara Hemphill, Nicole Mader and Bruce Cory
While small schools have been successful in helping struggling students graduate, many do not offer the higher-level coursework that prepares students for college and careers. This policy brief offers recommendations based on the experiences of a number of successful schools. 

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Conquering Teachers' Math Anxiety (2015)

By Lydie Raschka and Clara Hemphill
It’s not surprising that many elementary school teachers struggle with the Common Core State Standards for math. Many early childhood teachers are actually frightened of math. They may doubt their own ability and have chosen a profession where they think it won’t matter.  

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Introducing the Baby & Toddler Takeoff (2015)

By Kendra Hurley, Abigail Kramer and Bruce Cory with Evan Pellegrino and Gail Robinson
With nearly 15 million new dollars earmarked in the 2016 city budget for the social and emotional health of the youngest New Yorkers, the city's growing interest in what's often called "infant mental health" is undeniable. This report offers the first comprehensive look at New York's key new goals and efforts to protect the well-being of babies and toddlers.  
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In Need of Shelter: Protecting the city’s youngest children from the traumas of homelessness (2015)

By Kendra Hurley and Abigail Kramer 
This Child Welfare Watch report describes the stresses that homelessness puts on families with young children, and explores the discontinuity between the large number of young children in the shelter system and the dearth of services available to them.  
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A Better Picture of Poverty:
What Chronic Absenteeism and Risk Load Reveal About NYC's Lowest-Income Elementary Schools (2014)

By Kim Nauer, Nicole Mader, Gail Robinson and Tom Jacobs with Bruce Cory, Jordan Moss and Aryn Bloodworth
Chronic absenteeism correlates with deep poverty--high rates of homelessness, child abuse reports, male unemployment, and low levels of parental education. 
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Scaling the Community School Strategy in New York City:
A Systems Building Guide (2014)

By Kassa Belay, Nicole Mader and Laura Miller
A report detailing recommendations that can help sustain the city's new community schools initiative. NYC has long been home to some of the nation's most celebrated community schools but until recently there has been little support for this strategy at the city level. 
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Big Dreams for NYC's Youngest Children: 
The Future of Early Care and Education (2014)

By Kendra Hurley and Abigail Kramer with Myra Rosenbaum and Alison Miller
In October 2012, New York City launched EarlyLearnNYC, a plan that would upend its system for providing subsidized child care to working class and low-income families. The goal was to take the city’s sprawling assortment of child care programs—ranging from subsidized babysitting services to nationally accredited preschools—and blend them into a unified, holistic spectrum of early education services for children from          6 weeks through 4 years old. 
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Baby Steps: Poverty, chronic stress, and NY’s youngest children (2014)

By Andrew White, Kendra Hurley, and Abigail Kramer
We look at the science of early childhood development—and we illuminate how supportive, nurturing caregivers can buffer children from the negative impacts of early adversity, including the ambient stress that so often accompanies intractable poverty.

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Building Blocks for Better Schools:
How the Next Mayor Can Prepare New York's Students for College and Careers (2013)

By Clara Hemphill, Kim Nauer, Andrew White and Thomas Jacobs
We analyze the successes and failures of Mayor Bloomberg's education initiatives—and proposes six key areas on which the next administration should focus attention and resources. A top priority: Make sure young children can read.
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Brushes With The Law:
Young New Yorkers and the Criminal Justice System (2013)

By Andrew White, Kendra Hurley, and Abigail Kramer
In the final year under the administration of Mayor Bloomberg, who has made juvenile justice one of the signature issues of his time in office, we consider the progress of reforms and the places where they’ve been stymied. And we look at the impact on communities that have long been destabilized by cycles of crime, police scrutiny, arrest and incarceration. 

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Creating College Ready Communities:
Preparing NYC's Precarious New Generation of College Students (2013)

By Kim Nauer and Paul Tainsh with Andrew White, Tara Bahl, Sandra Salmans, Anna Schneider, Jared Carrano and Tom Jacobs
This report seeks to illuminate the latest college access efforts, and to shed new light on the complicated circumstances that allow some students to go to college and succeed—and so many others to fail. I

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New York City's College Ready Communities Initiative:
Evaluation and Documentation (2009 - 2012)

By Paul Tainsh, Andrew White, Kim Nauer, Thomas Jacobs and Laurie Goldkind
Our evaluation of four unique collaboratives found large improvements in college access, college knowledge and college-going culture in many of the schools, and identified large hurdles that remain for NYC to address. 

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One Step Back: The Delayed Dream of Community Partnerships (2012)

By Andrew White, Kendra Hurley, and Abigail Kramer
This edition looks at the progress of the city’s community partnerships, at their accomplishments as well as their very real limitations, and at the vision they still represent for a child welfare system that answers to the communities it’s designed to serve.

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In Transition: A better future for youth leaving foster care (2011)

By Andrew White, Clara Hemphill, Kendra Hurley, and Abigail Kramer
This special double edition of Child Welfare Watch reports that homelessness and severe economic hardship are widespread for young people aging out of New York City foster care.

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Managing By The Numbers: Empowerment and Accountability in NYC's Schools (2010)

By Clara Hemphill and Kim Nauer with Helen Zelon, Thomas Jacobs, Alessandra Raimondi, Sharan McCloskey and Rajeev Yerneni
The report offers one of the first broad analyses of the Bloomberg administration's reorganization of school management, explaining how principal empowerment and school accountability are intertwined, and how this management structure is shaping children's lives. The report identifies important gains as well as troubling problems.

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A Need for Correction: 
Reforming New York's Juvenile Justice System (2009)

By Andrew White, Clara Hemphill, and Kendra Hurley
In the wake of a federal Department of Justice investigation that found widespread use of excessive force by staff at four OCFS facilities upstate, this new report identifies shortcomings in mental health services and explores possible solutions, including the expansion of alternatives to incarceration for juvenile delinquents.

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The New Marketplace: How Small-School Reforms and School Choice Have Reshaped NYC's High Schools (2009)

By Clara Hemphill and Kim Nauer with Helen Zelon and Thomas Jacobs
A report on the city's public high schools, revealing that Chancellor Joel Klein's high school reforms created valuable new opportunities but also caused collateral damage.

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Hard Choices: Caring for the children of mentally ill parents (2009)

By Andrew White, Clara Hemphill, Kendra Hurley, Ann Farmer, and Maia Szalavitz
A joint report with the Center for an Urban Future documenting the issues facing poor and working class parents with mental illness and their children.

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Homes Away From Home: Foster Parents For A New Generation (2008)

By Andrew White, Kendra Hurley, Barbara Solow, Ann Farmer, Laura Longhine, and Helaine Olen
This issue documents how foster parents are adjusting to their increasingly demanding role, and how the system is struggling to meet their needs—as well as those of the children in their care, which may include anything from mental health care to prenatal care and parenting programs for pregnant teens. 

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Against the Clock: The Struggle to Move Kids into Permanent Homes (2008) 

By Andrew White, Kendra Hurley, Barbara Solow, Kathleen Carroll, Keach Hagey, Kim Nauer, Joan Oleck, Helaine Olen
This issue explores the challenges of moving the city’s foster children into safe, permanent homes quickly, a decade after federal laws sought to improve foster care systems nationwide.

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Pressures and Possibilities: 
Supporting Families and Children at Home (2007)

By Andrew White, Kendra Hurley, Barbara Solow, Eve Heyn, Nora McCarthy
This issue published jointly with the Center for an Urban Future, explores the transformation of the city’s network of nonprofit family support agencies as they become increasingly central to the Bloomberg administration’s strategy for protecting children from abuse and neglect.

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Gaining Access: New Efforts on Housing and Autism Services (2007) 

By Andrew White and Barbara Solow
This issue reports on publicly funded services for the rapidly growing number of New Yorkers diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, and on attempts to create affordable housing opportunities for people with developmental disabilities. 

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A Schoolyard in Brooklyn: Strengthening Families and Communities Through the Innovative Use of Public Space (2007) 

As part of PlaNYC 2030, Mayor Bloomberg recently proposed opening 290 city schoolyards to the public during non-school hours. A Schoolyard in Brooklyn offers a proven model for how to do it right, strengthening families and communities along the way.

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Half Full, Half Empty: Children and Families with Special Needs (2007)

This issue of describes the impact of a longstanding dispute that has left children and families without the respite care, in-home assistance and other family supports that can help make it possible for young people with disabilities to live healthy and more fulfilling lives.

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There's No Such Place: The Family Assessment Program, PINS and the Limits of Support Services for Families with Teens in New York City (2007)

Reforms in New York City's system for handling troubled teens have helped more vulnerable young people avoid long hours in Family Court and prolonged stints in foster care. But there are signs that the new Family Assessment Program hasn't yet had a substantial impact on the larger problems facing many urban teens and their families—problems that are often inseparable from the poverty and violence in their communities.

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The Innovation Issue: New Initiatives in New York Child Welfare (2005)

This issue of Child Welfare Watch highlights some of the new initiatives that are improving parental visits for children in foster care, providing homes where families can reunify after children have been removed from the home, and creating much-needed pilot mental health clinics in foster care agencies.

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Spanning the Neighborhood: 
The Bridge Between Housing and Supports for Families (2005)

New York City has begun to reshape and expand its services to prevent family homelessness in a more comprehensive and coordinated way than ever before. But much more could be done. This report proposes a substantial new effort to root homelessness prevention in neighborhood-based safety net programs run by well-known, trusted community organizations.

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Community Collaboration in New York City: 
Charting the Course for a Neighborhood-Based Safety Net (2005)

As "prevention" has become the mantra of New York City social policy, from child welfare to family homelessness and beyond, city officials and nonprofit leaders have pursued new strategies to achieve the old objective of building a more efficient, integrated and collaborative safety net for families. This report explores why integrated services matter at the community level. 

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Pivot Point: Managing the Transformation of Child Welfare in NYC (2005)

By Andrew White
This report documents contradictions that have emerged as the city reduces the size of its foster care system, but struggles to boost investments in the alternative, preventive family support services that help keep families stable and together.

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A Matter of Judgement:
Deciding the Future of Family Court in NYC (2005)

This issue reports on the city’s Family Court, the beginnings of reform, and the chaotic upsurge in cases following the Nixzmary Brown murder.

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Hardship in Many Languages: Immigrant Families and Children in NYC (2004)

This report highlights current research on immigrant families and poverty, examines several key aspects of the social support sector—food stamps, child care, neighborhood family services and other programs—and explains how publicly funded programs have been slow to adapt to serving New York's newcomers.

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Tough Decisions: Dealing with Domestic Violence (2003)

This report documents changes in policy, practice and enforcement in the wake of the federal injunction imposed in the Nicholson v. Williams class action lawsuit. The lawsuit challenged the practice of the NYC Administration for Children’s Services, in cases of suspected abuse and neglect that involve domestic violence, of too often removing children from their mothers unnecessarily and circumventing the women’s due process rights.

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Uninvited Guests: Teens in NYC Foster Care (2002)

By Andrew White, Rachel Blustain, Wendy Davis, David Jason Fischer, Kendra Hurley, Nora MCarthy, Erin Ortiz, Brooke Ritchie
This edition of Child Welfare Watch offers an in-depth examination of the issues facing teenagers in New York City’s foster care system.

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Supporting Stronger Families and Neighborhoods: 
City Hall and New York's Family and Children's Services (2001) 

The Bloomberg administration has an opportunity to gain new trust from communities that have long held deep suspicion for City Hall and the city’s child welfare authorities. This report provides specific recommendations and proposed policy changes to form a road map for a sustained and ambitious child welfare reform effort.

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